Gender discrimination and the international division of labour: a legal appraisal
Access to employment and income opportunities for women is a fundamental right.
Employment is a source of self-esteem, social standing and human dignity.
Discrimination in the work place denies women of this fundamental right. Gender
discrimination targeted mostly towards women is a violation of civil rights, and
comes in the form of unequal access to education and health care, unequal pay,
sexual harassment, pregnancy discrimination, glass ceiling, board room
discrimination and such likes. The Nigerian Constitution provides for the protection
of women in every stratum and the Labour Act covers labour conditions for women.
Unfortunately, the provisions are scanty and grossly inadequate, just as the
available provisions are scarcely enforced. At the international level several
treaties have been made to address gender imbalance in the work place, but
developing countries still significantly lag behind in the provision of this
fundamental right. This article seeks to analyze the effects of gender inequality in
the workplace vis-à-vis the legal and institutional frameworks; assess the effects of
discrimination on women’s output in the workplace; appraise gender discrimination
in the workplace; analyze the national laws and international instruments that
constitute the legal frameworks for the protection of women in the work and finally
recommendations for employers and policy makers on gender related issues.